Automation of the sound Z in words: games and exercises in pictures

Automation of the sound “Z” in words is carried out after automation in syllables. In order for the child to find it interesting to pronounce syllables, it is recommended to play them with the help of Adventurers. Adventure games can be found on the Internet, made with your own hands, or downloaded from our website.

When pronouncing the sound [З], watch the articulation (position of lips, cheeks, teeth).

Sound articulation [Z]:

  • lips are stretched, slightly pressed to the incisors;
  • there is a small gap between the incisors;
  • the tip of the tongue is lowered, pressed against the inner surface of the lower incisors;
  • the front part of the back of the tongue is lowered, the front part is raised, the back part is lowered;
  • the tongue is in the “slide” position;
  • the lateral edges of the tongue are pressed against the upper molars;
  • the front part of the back of the tongue forms a gap with the alveoli, in the middle of the tongue there is a groove that directs the exhaled air stream in the center;
  • the soft palate is raised (Z - oral sound);
  • the vocal cords are closed and vibrate (Z – dull sound).

Games and exercises to automate the sound [З] in syllables:

  1. Exercise “Repeat syllable chains”:

Ask the child to say ZA-ZA-ZA and at the same time walk with his fingers along the

while completing tasks. When the child learns to speak these syllables, you can move on to others or alternate them.

FOR - ZO - ZU ; FOR - ZU - ZO FOR - ZO - FOR - ZU; FOR - ZU - ZY

2. Automation of sound [З] in straight syllables:

FOR – FOR – FOR – FOR – FOR ZY – ZY – ZY – ZY – ZO ZO – ZO – ZO – ZO – ZO ZU – ZU – ZU – ZU – ZU

3. Automation of the sound [З] in reverse syllables:


4. Sound [З] in intervocalic syllables:


5. Automation of the sound [З] in syllables with a combination of consonants:


Helpful Tips:

  1. At the beginning of each sound automation lesson [Z], we conduct 2-3 articulatory gymnastics exercises.
  2. During the lesson, pay attention to the correct articulation of the sound [Z] (see articulatory gymnastics).
  3. We pronounce the words slowly, clearly emphasizing the sound [З]. Repeat words 2-3 times.
  4. Classes are held regularly for 20-25 minutes depending on the age of the child and alternating play exercises.
  5. At the first signs of fatigue, take a physical minute. Kinesiological exercises are very useful for relieving tension and emotional relaxation.
  6. Classes should be conducted in a friendly and comfortable environment for the child.

For greater efficiency, the sound [З] in words is automated sequentially: first we conduct classes on automating the sound at the beginning of words, then in the middle, at the consonant cluster.

On our website you can download pictures in A4 format, cut them into cards, preferably laminate them for long-term use and have fun with them.

Assignment: printed letter Z for preschoolers

Examine the letter Z. Sew the letter Z in the air and once in the notebook, carefully in the cells with a simple pencil or ballpoint pen.

In cases where the child is asked to write a whole line of a letter, syllable or word, the adult gives a writing sample at the beginning of the line. If a preschooler has difficulties, then an adult can draw two approximate lines, or put reference points that the child will connect with lines, or write the entire letters, and the child will simply circle them in a different color. Calligraphy should not be required at this stage of training.


Automation of sound [З] at the beginning of words:

FOR : for something, for-west, for-deep, for-water, for-law, for-cat, for-smell, for-drive, for-run, for-sing, for-howl, for-be, come in, come in, drive in, for-bo-ta, for-ba-va, for-te-ya, for-vi-tok, for-ku-tok, for-guess-give, for- think, kick, kick, want, kick, kick, sing, pull, kick, kick to go, to run, to give, for yin-ka, for-pon-ka, for-bad-ka, for-vet-ny, for-da-ni-e, for-da- wa-ka, for-bi-ya-ka, for-go-to-vit, for-go-to-to-ka; ZO : Zo-ya, umbrella, umbrella-tic; ZU : tooth, tooth, tooth-side, tooth-noy, tooth-bat-ka; PS : unsteady.

Tale about the letter Z

Flightless umbrella

A hare was walking in the forest and found an umbrella. Suddenly he sees a wolf looking at him right from the thickets with angry, contemptuous eyes.

“There’s a trap,” the hare shook, “it’s too late to run away.” I’ll stand on a tree stump under an umbrella, maybe the wolf will m-m-mist me for a m-m-mushroom.

So I did. He stands on a stump under an umbrella, his eyes closed, his teeth chattering in fear, but he himself does not move. And the wolf slowly approaches from behind... And then, fortunately for the hare, a strong wind blew! He picked up the umbrella along with the hare and raised it high into the sky. A hare flies over the forest, laughs, bursts into tears, and the wolf below runs along the ground, clicks its teeth, gasps.

- Come on, come on! Press! - the hare screams. - I need to do exercises - I wish I could run faster!

The wolf spat. He sees that he cannot catch up with the hare. He ran to the store, bought an umbrella from the goat, stood on a stump and waited for him to take off like a hare. I stood there until sunset. I was terribly angry!

- Oh, goat! - growls. - I sold the flightless umbrella!

And he tore the entire umbrella with his teeth.

(G. Yudin)

Automation of sound [З] in the middle of words:

FOR : va-za, ba-za, ko-za, back, fa-zan, ka-zak, smear, e-go-za, me-du-za, mi-mo-za, u- to-show, to-show, to-show, mo-za-i-ka, don’t-for-wake-ki, at-ka-za-n-e. AZ : name, az-bu-ka, name-va-ni-e; ZO : bi-zone, vozok; OZ : air-spirit; ZU : ve-zu, ma-zut, down-zu; PS : vo-zy, ta-zy, ko-zy, va-zy, ya-zyk, mu-zy-ka, mu-zy-kant, call; FROM : from-ba, from-gib, from-mump, from-tok, from-nan-ka, from-yes-no-e.

Continue the sentence

He rushes without looking back. Only the heels sparkle. He rushes as fast as he can. The tail is shorter than the ear. Quickly guess who it is? … (Bunny.)

On clear nights, a mother and her daughters walk. She doesn’t repeat to her daughters: “Go to bed, it’s late!” Because the mother is the moon, And the daughters... (stars).

I wake up early in the morning Together with the rosy sun, I make up the crib myself. I quickly do... (exercise).

The forests hide many troubles, there is a wolf, a bear and a fox! Our animal lives in anxiety, running away from trouble. Come on, guess quickly. What is the animal's name? … (Bunny.)

I sit, almost crying, Very difficult... (task).

The roof is covered in fur, White smoke overhead. The yard is covered in snow, the houses are white. At night... (winter) came to us.

There is a clatter of feet in the corridor, which calls everyone to class... (bell).

Funny poems about the letter Z for children

Today’s breakfast “Tomorrow,” I thought yesterday, “I’ll sit down to breakfast in the morning. Breakfast is here, but where is tomorrow? I sat down to breakfast today. (V. Berestov)

Bunny, bunny friend! Sit with me for an hour. - I can’t do it for a minute - I’m running to visit the hedgehog. He met me yesterday. He invited me to eat cloudberries. (F. Bobylev)

It’s cold for the bunny in the forest - Let’s knit socks for the gray one. (A. Pudval)

Bunny A bunny is riding on a tram, A bunny is riding, reasoning: “If I bought a ticket, Who am I: a hare or not.” (A. Shibaev)

Why did the bunnies take the green umbrella from the little housewife? Then, to hide from the wolf, Under this silk umbrella. (G. Satir)

The hare says to the hare: “I wish I had a ravenous appetite!” - Appetite is of little use, I wish I had teeth like a wolf. (V. Viktorov)

The snake charmer is busy with his sonorous music. And to the music, friends, the snake will dance too. (V. Berestov)

Rubber Zina Bought in a store, Rubber Zina brought in a basket. She was gaping. Rubber Zina, Fell from the basket - Smeared in mud. (A. Barto)

The sun rises early and hurries to the garden: - Are the vegetables all right? How are things going in your garden? Are you feeling drowsy? Reluctant to move? I command everyone: get up! We'll do physical exercises. Come on, do the following exercise with me: Up, down, Stretch, Wake up completely. Shake off your nighttime laziness - The work day is ahead. We need to have time for the tomatoes to turn red by the evening. The eggplants will turn blue, the melon and pumpkin will turn yellow. We need to be in time for dinner. (T. Polyakova)

Zebu knows neither snow nor blizzard. He was both born and raised in the south. I’m used to palm trees and the southern sky. Although he is just a bull... (B. Zakhoder)

Strawberry Strawberry Near the tree stump she said to everyone: “I’m not there!” - She looked around and then hid under a leaf. The sun's ray found her. He shouted: “It’s not good!” I deceived you! Ah ah ah! Strawberry, get out! - The berry blushed and said: - Sneaky... (L. Fadeeva)

Would you like to know why the Little Robin got wet early in the frozen thickets? Would you like to know why, Looking into the zenith, the finch rings loudly and cheerfully? Would you like to know why the snake rustled? I would like to know why the earth is turning green? (V. Lunin)

They want to give me a puppy for my birthday, but I said: “No need! I'm not ready yet! (S. Mikhalkov)

Correct articulation of the sound Z

The sound “Z” is a sonorous whistling sound; the formation of the organs of the speech apparatus is important for its pronunciation. The articulation of sibilants depends on the position of the tongue in the oral cavity and the shape that the tongue takes during speaking.

A speech therapist will always help you find the cause of incorrect pronunciation.

Features of articulation “Z”:

  1. The lips are stretched into a smile, the mouth is slightly open, teeth are visible.
  2. The jaw is not closed, there is a gap between the teeth.
  3. The wide tip of the tongue rests firmly on the lower front teeth.
  4. The lateral edges of the tongue are pressed against the molars, forming a hollow in the middle.
  5. A narrow gap is formed between the upper palate and the center of the tongue, through which an air stream passes.
  6. The soft palate is raised and pressed against the back wall of the pharynx, thereby closing the passage into the nasal cavity. Air passes through the mouth when speaking.
  7. The vocal cords tense and vibrate to produce the voice. When the voice is added, the exhaled air turns into a ringing sound “Z”.

Problems with the articulation of “Z” arise if the child has a flat tongue, it is difficult to form a hollow, and there are difficulties in speech breathing. Hissing defects spoil a child’s speech and require professional correction.

Riddles for children starting with the letter Z

I will paint the branches with white paint, I will throw silver on your roof. Warm winds will come in the spring And they will drive me out of the yard. (Winter)

Jumps across the field - hides his ears. He will stand up like a pillar - his ears will stick out. (Hare)

I dusted the paths, decorated the windows, gave joy to the children and took them for a ride on a sled. (Winter)

Even though she herself is snow and ice, And when she leaves, she sheds tears. (Winter)

When everything is covered with gray snow and the sun says goodbye to us early? (Winter)

Rusting, rustling the grass, A living whip crawls through. So he stood up and hissed: Come, those who are very brave. (Snake)

The rope lies, the cheat hisses. It is dangerous to take it - it will bite. Clear? (Snake)

He crawls on the ground, but doesn’t let him come to him. (Snake)

If you roll it up, it’s a wedge; if you unfold it, it’s a damn thing. (Umbrella)

I walk in the rain and in the heat: This is my character. (Umbrella)

Thirty-two thresh, One turns. (Teeth and tongue)

The scythe does not have a den, he does not need a hole. Legs save you from enemies, And bark protects you from hunger. (Hare)

What kind of forest animal Stood up like a column under a pine tree And stands among the grass - Ears larger than head? (Hare)

Long ear. A little ball of fluff, Jumps deftly, Loves carrots. (Hare)

Who loves carrots and jumps smartly. Spoils the garden beds, Runs away without looking back? (Hare)

Not a lamb or a cat. Wears a fur coat all year round. A gray fur coat is for summer, a fur coat for winter is of a different color. (Hare)

Millet is spilled onto a black scarf. The cockerel came, but it’s not easy to peck. (Stars)

White flowers bloom in the evening and fade in the morning. (Stars)

A tired shepherd walked behind a countless flock at night, and when the rooster crowed, the sheep and the shepherd disappeared. (Stars and month)

I’ll go to the warm land, I’ll rise up to the sun, There will be a whole family in it like me! (Corn)

What is visible only at night? (Stars)

so UNT / Lesson plans for the Russian language / Lesson plans for teaching literacy 1st grade Kazakhstan

Topic: “Sounds [z], [z'] and letters Z z.”

24.09.2014 6712 0

The purpose of the lesson:

introduce children to a new letter, improve the skills of reading two or three syllable words, writing letters, syllables, words with the letter Z.

During the classes

1. Organizational moment

2. Phonetic warm-up

- Let's do a sound warm-up.
— What does the doctor ask you to say when he examines your throat? A-a-a - How does a wolf howl? Oooh - How does a baby cry? Wa-wa-wa - What does grandma say when she's tired? Oh-oh-oh - And when is mom upset? Eh-eh-eh - And when does dad scold? Ay-ay-ay - How does a mosquito ring? Z-z-z 3. Checking what has been learned.
The letters given are: A, O, U, I, K, Y.
- Find the extra one, why? Prove it. Game “Hidden Word”
In each of the words: duck, pillar, prick, bison, scythe, darkness, regiment, fishing rod, wolf, another word is hidden.
What words are these? 4. Report the topic of the lesson.
Today guys we will get acquainted with new letters
Problem situation Guess the riddles.
Guys, listen to the riddles. The grain scattered by night. We looked in the morning and there was nothing. (Stars) - How many vowels are in a word? (2) - How many syllables? (2) - Divide into syllables. - Put emphasis. — Make a sound scheme.

White in winter, gray in summer. Jumps deftly and loves carrots. (Hare) - How many vowels are in a word? (2) - How many syllables? (2) - Divide into syllables. - Put emphasis. — Make a sound diagram 5. Setting a learning task

- I will pronounce the words, listen to them carefully and find the same sound in the words: goat, eyes, rose, hare, umbrella, nest.
(Sound [z]). - Who remembered the words I said? Where is the sound hidden in the word? - Find the same sound in the words: Zina, rubber, mastic. - Have you guessed what sounds we will talk about today in class? (About the sound [z], [z']). - Who knows the name of the letter with which we write these sounds? (Letter “ze”). - Who will tell the topic of our lesson? Characteristics of the sounds [z'] and [z] -
Conclusion. The sounds {З}, {З ´} are consonants. Showing the letters Z and z printed and written. 6. Game exercise in recognizing sounds [з'] and [з] in words:

If you hear the sound z, clap your hands: picture, basket, cardboard, star, fox, castle, zebra.
7. Physical exercise.
Pinocchio stretched, Once, he bent down, Two, he bent down, Three, he bent down, He spread his arms to the side, Apparently he couldn’t find the key.
To get the key, we need to stand on our toes. 8. Working with the Primer.
Examination of the letters in the "Primer" How are they similar and what is the difference?
The name of the letter is z. Consider the blue-green card with the letter z. Why guys is one blue and the other green? What does the letter z look like? Look at this letter, It’s just like the number 3. I wriggle like a snake, You can’t draw me! 9. Reading syllables and words with a new letter.
Read the syllable - name the word with this syllable: Zu - teeth, za - goat, zi - basket, zy - frost, zo - dawn.

Reading words in columns.

Za-ra's tooth Ko-za's umbrella's teeth Gro-za's umbrella bison
Reading words in arrow order:
goat, thunderstorm, fence, castle, scythe, fox, sleigh, kindergarten.
Insert letters into the words and read
: elephant, fox, bison, goat, ostrich.
10. Physical exercise.
The wind is blowing in our faces.
The tree swayed. The wind is quieter, quieter, quieter. The tree is getting higher and higher. 11. Letter.
Work in copybook. Comparison of printed and written letters Zz.
Introduction to Written Letters: Continuous writing of the lowercase letter z. Continuous letter of the capital letter Z. Stroke of the letter, letter according to the model. 12. Summing up the lesson.
-What new did you learn in the lesson? - What was interesting? — What was difficult? Well done! Well done!

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