Summary of the introductory lesson to the program “In Search of Treasure”; for children 5-6 years old

It’s time to start preparing children 5-6 years old for the transition to first graders. The key to successful schooling is laid at this age. Developmental activities will help provide high-quality training for the child, both in a preschool institution and at home.

Classes with children will increase interest in the learning process and school if they are organized in an interesting and high-quality manner. Primary school teachers note that children aged 5-6 years, who were taught using developmental methods, are distinguished by increased efficiency, positive attitude, accuracy and organization.

Features of the development of children at 5.6 years old

Activities aimed at developing thinking, logic, and knowledge of the world are varied. The knowledge and skills of a five-year-old child are already considerable. At five years old, a child speaks quite well, can analyze situations, gives explanations for certain phenomena and defends his opinion. The child has counting skills, he can compare and complete tasks according to instructions. During this period, children’s consciousness “matures” and responsibility increases.

At 5-6 years old, a child develops responsibility and an understanding of the need to learn.

Observations of children show that the child is increasingly showing independence, new interests arise, and inspiration from success in creativity.

But the child’s psyche has not yet fully formed. He is still impressionable, emotional, and compares himself to other children.

At 5-6 years old, the process of learning about the world is still ongoing. Developmental processes still take place through play and communication. But there is already a gradual transition to training sessions that involve an educational process with established rules and requirements and, of course, evaluation of the result.

Games and activities for children 5 years old

For activities with children at home, parents should prepare prizes in advance, as well as the necessary supplies and attributes.

Quest find the treasure

Parents come up with and create a map with tasks in advance. Different rooms of the apartment are used as locations. Each new task gives a hint where the treasure is. What tasks can be used: • Assemble a mosaic • Guess riddles • Make an applique (small) • Separate the beans from the peas • Make a tower of cubes at least 30 cm (you can indicate the height of the object in the room) • Name only wild animals • Arrange the pictures according to the seasons Be sure to reward the detective at the end, even if it is something tasty or useful, for example, a small construction set or toy.

What parents should know

At the age of five, parents need to evaluate how their baby is developing. It is necessary to trace how the relationship develops between the child and the world around him.

Pronunciation development game

Children should be monitored in the following areas:

  • the child’s behavior at home, on the street, in public places;
  • communication with people around you;
  • what kind of friends children have, understanding and perception of friendships;
  • How developed is the children’s speech, does the child have problems with pronunciation, how does he construct sentences.

An important point is comfort and harmony in the family, since preparation for school life must begin with instilling skills such as order and responsibility, which the child learns primarily in the family. Developmental activities, in addition to gaining new knowledge, will help set children up for a correct perception of the world and correct their behavior.

Reading and writing

Your child will need these skills in school. After all, the first thing he will have to master by first grade is reading and writing.

In the fifth year, you need to plan lessons with your preschooler to prepare your hand for writing. Here you will already need the first teaching aids - children's copybooks. These are excellent “developers” for the hand, helping the child develop the necessary muscles so that the hand does not get tired while writing. In children's copybooks, the child is asked to trace simple patterns point by point and then reproduce them independently.

To reinforce the perception of the first sound in a word (the entire study of letters is based on this), you can glue cards with images of letters to different objects in the house. Let the child determine in which case the card is glued correctly and in which case it is not.

When teaching preschoolers to read, more and more mothers choose Zhukova’s primer. It consistently shows how letters “merge” into syllables and gives important recommendations to parents. In addition, Zhukova’s teaching methods meet the requirements of school curricula.


Before you start teaching your child to read, teach him to hear all the sounds in words, in different parts of the word (at the beginning, middle, end), and also to isolate syllables in words. You can find many entertaining games for this.

Only with this approach will the child learn to read and write without errors (children often transfer into writing what they hear or perceive incorrectly).

Target orientation of classes

Activities that are aimed at the development of children five to six years old are extremely diverse. Classes of this type will allow you to gradually transform gaming forms into educational ones. This transition for children is carried out without stress and without problems.

Educational game for children 5-6 years old

The tasks are presented in the form of solving riddles and coloring pictures. Then the child masters the copybook. Children aged 5-6 years love to perform logical tasks.

In a children's education program that uses developmental forms, classes should achieve the following goals:

  • develop cognitive interest;
  • improve creative, physical and intellectual abilities;
  • assignments should promote a positive attitude towards future schooling.

Memory training game
The program for the specified age group should contain the following tasks:

  • on the basics of native speech, which lay the fundamental basis for teaching reading, the Russian language, and develop children’s speech.
  • mathematical direction - the beginnings of arithmetic and geometry, tasks aimed at developing attention, strengthening memory and logical thinking.
  • on developing an interest in nature, the ability to be sensitive to it, as well as first knowledge of ecology.
  • on the study of the physical component of the simplest everyday phenomena and astronomical knowledge.

Children 5-6 years old love to play with construction sets.
Children of this age are interested in fine arts classes, they like to design and make some products.

At five or six years old, children can be occupied with various activities for up to two hours - they will not get tired. Moreover, concentration does not decrease during this time. Children can be involved in activities during this time. You just need to change tasks and take short breaks.

What to consider when organizing classes

Training should be organized in all types of children's activities. They must improve their modeling, design, and drawing skills. But at 5-6 years old, a gradual transition to a learning style begins, when children need to be taught to perform the required tasks. Children still feel the need for play activities. Based on this, the learning process, although it becomes more focused, also includes elements of the game.

A child's intelligence is determined by such cognitive processes as attention, imagination, perception and memory.

The attention of children 5-6 years old is characterized by involuntariness; The baby is not yet able to manage his emotions, concentrate and direct attention to important things. Because of this, he may be influenced by external impressions. These impressions are expressed in the fact that the child is quickly distracted, he cannot concentrate on any one object or action, and the activity must often change. Adult guidance is provided to gradually increase the level of concentration. A child with this attitude will develop responsibility for the results of his actions.

We need to teach the child to retell what he has read.

This direction of action assumes that the child will conscientiously and carefully complete any task, regardless of whether it is interesting or not.

Peculiarities of information perception at 5-6 years old

The most important characteristics of attention to be developed in a child are:

  • manifestation of stability of attention, that is, the ability to maintain concentration for a long period;
  • the ability to switch attention, develop quick orientation in different situations and change from one type of activity to another;
  • distribution of attention to two or more objects.

For the development of the attention function, the influence of emotional factors, the development of interests in the actions performed, the acceleration of thought processes and the formation of volitional qualities are very important. These properties are perfectly developed in the process of performing developmental exercises.

A game to understand the situation.
The development of perception in a child is present from the first months. But at 5-6 years old the level of perception is at its peak. The child absorbs new things and perceives information from the world around him. But what interests him most fully enters into consciousness. Therefore, the main goal of adults is to interest children in the knowledge that they should receive.

Lesson: “Making fruits and vegetables”

Invite your daughter to make a grocery set for her doll. For example, offer him originals of vegetables and fruits or pictures of them. Let him try to create vegetables and fruits according to their colors.

Make a picture from the received copies or ask them to divide the resulting works into vegetables and fruits.

Parents should remember that only developmental activities in the form of games can captivate a child and teach him to perform the most difficult tasks. Help and be sure to praise the child, then he will learn to accept even failures adequately and will not lose the desire to try again and again. What didn't work out the first time.

What forms of classes are most suitable?

Using toys and various games for developmental learning. The big advantage is that children play and learn at the same time on a completely voluntary basis. They are interested in results and are not overworked. Thus, the development of logic progresses well in Nikitin’s games. Board games gradually teach math, movement rules, letters and reading. During the game, children develop perseverance, patience and skills of decent behavior.

Artistic creativity is a great way to develop abilities

Creativity at this age is best expressed in designing and making crafts. Moreover, the tasks should gradually become more complex, including elements of independent modeling. The child learns to create. He learns to think and think logically, develops fine motor skills.

Developmental learning at 5-6 years old is best accomplished through play activities.
The child must, in the process of development, prepare for the traditional school system of education. leave a comment


What to do with a 5 year old child at home? Can be beaded. This activity captivates both boys and girls. For classes you will need:

  • beads of different colors and sizes;
  • fishing line, copper wire;
  • patterns for weaving.

Schemes can be found on the Internet or in books. Mostly leaves and flowers are woven from wire, and animal figurines and baubles are made from fishing line. To thread the fishing line into the hole of the beads, the baby does not need a needle.

On a fishing line with a diameter of 0.2 or 0.3 mm, beads fit perfectly without a needle. It is not necessary to take on complex products.

Even a flower of four petals with one leaf, woven independently from beads, delights the baby.

It is very interesting for five-year-old kids to practice origami - folding various figures out of paper.

You cannot show a child a diagram and tell him to do everything himself. You will have to master the science of origami to make figures with your baby.

In addition to the above examples, there can be many directions for creativity. To choose what to do with your 5-year-old child at home, you can make a whole list of creative activities:

  • drawing;
  • modeling;
  • applique;
  • embroidery;
  • constructor assembly;
  • aircraft modeling;
  • macrame;
  • drawing on glass;
  • mosaic, etc.

To find out what to do with your child, give him a choice. To do this, you need to introduce your child to several types of creativity, and become a comprehensively developed person yourself.

The listed activities develop imagination and fine motor skills well. They help the baby become more mature – diligent and attentive.

Singing and music classes can also be classified as creativity. To study at a music school you must have an ear for music.

You can conduct classes at home on your own, but in the absence of a minimum musical education, all classes will be reduced to listening to songs and memorizing them.

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